The mechanical behavior of cold rolled sheets is significantly related to residual stresses that arise from bending and unbending processes. Measurement of residual stresses is mostly limited to surface measurement techniques. Experimental determination of stress variation through thickness is difficult and time-consuming. This paper presents a closed form solution for residual stresses, in which the bending-unbending process is modeled as an elastic-plastic plane strain problem. An anisotropic material is assumed. To validate the analytical solution, finite element simulation is also demonstrated. This study is applicable to analysis of coiling-uncoiling, leveling and straightening processes.


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