The presence of defects in cold mercerizing of cotton goods led to the creation of a new method, called hot mercerizing in which caustic soda solution is used at a high temperature. Hot mercerizing is successfully used in cotton blended with some other fibers. In cotton/polyester blend fabrics, this treatment serves a dual purpose: subjectively, it imparts a silklike

soft handle to the polyester and brings about mercerizing of the cotton. In this work, the mercerizing operation with caustic soda solution was performed on a 65/35 polyester/cotton fabric in sixteen different temperatures (from 15°C to 90°C), in two states: with tension and without tension. Finally, the effect of temperature of treatment on some properties of fabric such as tensile properties, weight loss, and shrinkage have been studied. Alkali treatment cause weight loss in cotton/polyester blend fabrics, the main part of the weight loss attributed to the polyester component of the blend. Increasing temperature leads to a corresponding increased in weight loss. The resulting weight loss leads to more yarn release and consequently, to the improvement of the drape and soft handle in the fabric. However, it decreases the tensile strength and causes weakness of the fabric, therefore, an optimum of temperature must be considered. In the alkali treatment, the internal stresses in the fabric can be released. Release of tension in the fabric causes shrinkage, particularly in the warp direction. The effect of tension on properties of cotton/polyester blend fabric is not considerable in alkali treatment.


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