Dynamic stability and liquefaction of tailings dams are great concerns for geotechnical engineers. In this study, the seismic response of the Esphordi mine tailing dam located in Bafgh seismic region of Yazd province is investigated. A finite-difference code (FLAC2D) is used to model the seismic liquefaction applying two constitutive criteria, namely Mohr-Coulomb and Finn-Byrne. For this purpose, a fish function is implemented into the code to simulate the non-linear elasto-plastic Finn-Byrne constitutive model. Horizontal and vertical displacements (subsidence) in the dam body, additional pore pressure, failure zones, and liquefaction due to seismic load were determined using the two selected criteria under the seismic load of the 6.4 magnitude earthquake occurred in 2005. Considering the type of behavioral model, Mohr-Coulomb and Finn-Byrne, the maximum horizontal displacement of 5 and 35 cm in the dam body and downstream, and subsidence of 4 and 23 cm at the dam crest and upstream are observed, respectively. Also, the calculated ratio of excess pore pressure (Ru), for both criteria, was less than the liquefaction limit (0.9), the maximum value of which was 0.7 for the Finn-Byrne criterion and 0.2 for the Mohr-Coulomb criterion. In general, the results show that considering the cumulative effect of the seismic load cycles in the Finn- Byrne model, this criterion provides a better understanding of the liquefaction phenomenon.


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